Diabetes or Pre diabetes or Normal - Screening Tests
If you belong to a group of people that have a higher than normal risk for developing diabetes you need to consult with a Diabetologist for screening. African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans are groups that are at risk.
As one ages you are susceptible for developing pre diabetes as the groups above.
All of these blood glucose tests, mentioned below,determine whether you are normal, pre diabetic or diabetic.
One test is the A1C. If your percent value is less than 5.7% you are normal. If your percent value is equal to or greater than 5.7% but less than 6.5% you are pre diabetic. If the percent value is equal to or above 6.5% you are diabetic.
The second test is the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG.) Less than 100 mg/dl is normal. If it is equal to or greater than 100 mg/dl but below 126 mg/dl you are pre diabetic. If it is equal to or greater than 126 mg/dl you are diabetic.
The third test is the oral glucose tolerant test ( OGTT. ) If your blood glucose is less than 140 mg/dl you are normal. If greater than 140 mg/dl but less than 200 mg/dl you are pre diabetic. If you are equal to or greater than 20 mg/dl you are diabetic.
A Diabetologist can interpret these results, from your specific test results and history, to determine whether you are normal, pre diabetic or diabetic.
Please check with the American Diabetes Association if a Diabetologist is not available in your area.