Thursday, January 17, 2013

Just what is Oxidative Phosphorylation?

Oxidative Phosphorylation

Nutrients undergo a chemical process that consists of small changes to release ions that produce a stored chemical called ATP.

It is important to understand the term "oxidation." The small chemical changes actually are a series of oxidation and reduction reactions. When a substance is "oxidized" it gains an oxygen atom. When it loses the oxygen atom it is "reduced." This idea is known by most folks. The chemists call this a "Redox Reaction." It is part of a larger series of chemical reactions called aerobic respiration.

In the process of chemical energy release, in oxidative phosphorylation, the the highest ATP production occurs in the presence of atmospheric oxygen.This is referred to as "aerobic respiration." Respiration can occur in the absence of oxygen but the net production of ATP for celluar functions is far less. The chemists call this "anaerobic respiration."

Here is a list of atoms and ions (an atom with an overall electrical charge) used in aerobic respiration. In fact, oxidative phosphorylation is the last step in aerobic respiration that all your cells use for creating stored energy production in the form of ATP.

Oxygen
Hydrogen Atoms
Electrons

Here is the Redox Reactions in the form of Oxididation and Reduction

Oxidaion:                            Reduction:

Gain of Oxygen                  Loss of Oxygen
Loss of Hydrogen              Gain of Hydrogen
Loss of Electron                Gain of Electron

The substance that provides the oxygen is the oxidizing agent
The substance that accepts the oxygen is the reducing agent

Therefore, the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized. 

The substance that loses an hydrogen is the oxidizing agent
The substance that gains an hydrogen is the reducing agent

Therefore, the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized.

The substance that loses an electron is the oxidizing agent
The substance that gains an electron is the reducing agent

These redox reaction pathways are very efficient in the formation of stored ATP that provides the energy, when needed, for each and every cell in your body to perform its duty.

The energy that is released in oxidative phosphorylation creates a high energy bond that is formed when ATP is formed.

The muscle cells need energy to contract and provide movement. ATP, with its stored energy released, makes it possible for the muscle cell to function.

Basically, this is oxidative phosphorylation!  

26 comments:

  1. In case pancreas system is unable to produce insulin in the body then this medicine is highly recommended to control the sugar level.
    Insulin | Buy Insulin | Insulin UK

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hygetropin is well suited for building muscles, loss body fat, increase energy, endurance, improve the immune system, normalize the blood pressure
    Hygetropin | Hygetropin UK | Buy Hygetropin UK

    ReplyDelete
  3. The medicine effectively stimulates the linear tissue growth and enables the children and teenagers to grow naturally. It improves metabolism to decrease the fat deposition in the body.
    Jintropin| Jintropin UK | Buy Jintropin UK

    ReplyDelete
  4. Kigtropin is prepared to provide the several advantages such as decrease wrinkles and cellulite, increase muscle mass, loss body fat and weight loss.
    Kigtropin | Kigtropin UK | Buy Kigtropin UK

    ReplyDelete
  5. Riptropin is made for those who are suffering from lack of natural growth hormone in their body, either adults or kids. Riptropin increases muscle development.
    Riptropin| Riptropin UK | Buy Riptropin UK

    ReplyDelete
  6. Somatropin contains active sequence of 191 amino acid, sole chain of polypeptide. It works on increasing the body growth specifically in kids and adolescences.
    Somatropin |Somatropin UK | Buy Somatropin UK

    ReplyDelete
  7. Buy Zopiclone Sleeping Tablets & Pills securely and discreetly without a prescription at Sleeping Pills Direct. Our prices on Zopiclone Sleeping Pills are cheap.
    Zopiclone | Buy Zopiclone Online | Zopiclone 7.5 mg

    ReplyDelete
  8. Ambien is orally ingested and comes in the form of a pill. As its fast acting, it is recommended you swallow a pill before having a meal and jumping into bed.
    Ambien | Ambien UK | Buy Ambien UK

    ReplyDelete
  9. Valium affects the chemicals in your brain that can become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Valium is used to treat muscle spasms, alcohol withdrawal symptoms and anxiety disorders.
    Valium | Buy Valium Online | Buy Valium Online UK

    ReplyDelete
  10. Xanax is an alprazolam medication recommended for the treatment of anxiety disorders and panic disorders. It belongs to the benzodiazepines group of medications.
    Xanax | Xanax UK | Buy Xanax UK

    ReplyDelete
  11. Zolpidem sleeping pills are taken once before bedtime. Never take more than the recommended dosage as this can be dangerous, especially when takenwith other drugs.
    zolpidem | buy zolpidem | buy zolpidem uk

    ReplyDelete
  12. Kamaraboutique.com is the supplier of erectile dysfunction medicine online that you can purchase securely and safely through our system. We supply kamagra that we receive directly from authenticated, reputed and trustworthy manufactures.
    Kamagra | Buy Kamagra UK | Cheap Kamagra UK

    ReplyDelete
  13. Kamagra discounts strives to keep and enhance every aspect of our business and meet the ends needs of our customers well. Products at our site are 100% ready for delivery.
    Kamagra | Buy Kamagra uk | Cheap Kamagra UK

    ReplyDelete
  14. We provide the lowest price sildamax medicine that you can hardly find any other place. Moreover refund policy is also applied if the customers are not satisfied with our products.
    Sildamax | Buy Sildamax Uk |Cheap Sildamax UK

    ReplyDelete
  15. Sildamax usually become effective within an hour after consumption and can last between two and six hours. Sildamax is manufactured in state of the art factories under clinically clean conditions.
    Sildamax | Buy 100 Sildamax Tablets - Sildamax Now

    ReplyDelete
  16. melanotan-uk.com has established itself as one of the leading suppliers of Melanotan peptides by offering the excellent quality peptides at the nominal cost.
    Melanotan 2 | Melanotan 2 uk | Buy Melanotan 2 UK

    ReplyDelete
  17. Melanotanfast.com currently the leading providers of Melanotan 2 in the world. We offer affordable prices on high quality products, keeping the purity as high as it can possibly be.
    Melanotan 2 | Melanotan 2 uk | Buy Melanotan 2 uk

    ReplyDelete
  18. Sleeping pills store is the UK’s leading health website providing valuable information and quality insomnia products to help people overcome sleep disorders, anxiety and depression.
    Sleeping Pills Store | Buy Sleeping Pills | Sleeping Pills Uk

    ReplyDelete
  19. Growth hormone uk has emerged with an objective to serve for wellness of people with high quality medical products made by the international leading brands.
    Growth Hormone UK | Growth Hormone | hgh for sale

    ReplyDelete
  20. As a sign of gratitude for how my husband was saved from diabetes , i decided to reach out to those still suffering from this.
    My husband was diagnosed of diabetes and it was really tough and heartbreaking for me because he was my all and the symptoms were terrible, he had difficulty eating, and he always complain of stomach pain and he always have frequent urination . we tried various therapies prescribed by our neurologist but none could cure him. I searched for a cure and i saw a testimony by someone who was cured and so many other with similar body problem, and he left the contact of the doctor who had the cure to diabetes . I never imagine diabetes has a cure not until i contacted him and he assured me my husband will be fine. I got the herbal medication he recommended and my husband used it and in one months he was fully okay even up till this moment he is so full of life. diabetes has a cure and it is a herbal cure contact the doctor for more info on drwilliams098675@gmail.com on how to get the medication. Thanks for reading my testimony

    ReplyDelete